All There is to Know About Macular Degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration is an eye disease that often affects people above the age of 60. The problem with this eye disease is that it can get worse with time, especially if left untreated.
AMD happens when a small central portion of the retina wears down. This part is known as the macula. The retina is the nerve tissue at the back of the eye that senses light. The disease happens as one gets older, which is why it is called age-related. In cases when it does not cause blindness, it causes serious problems with vision.
You can be affected by either of two forms of macular degeneration. One is the dry form, and the other one is the wet form. When you experience the dry form, you can have yellow deposits in your macula. When you only have a few small yellow deposits, you are not at risk of any changes with your vision. However, if they continue getting bigger and more in number, this is when your vision becomes affected. They distort how you see and might dim your vision, especially when you’re trying to read. If the dry form of macular degeneration continues to get worse, the cells in your eyes that sense light might keep growing thin, and this leads to their eventual death. Another way through which this form of macular degeneration can affect you is when you have blind spots in the center of your vision. If that keeps getting worse, what happens is that you lose central vision.
On the wet form of macular degeneration, what happens is that blood vessels grow from under the macula. The blood vessels cause a leakage of blood and fluid into the retina. When this happens, your vision becomes distorted such that if you are looking at straight lines, you will see them as wavy. The wet form of macular degeneration can also lead to having blind spots and losing central vision. If the condition continues, the bleeding can eventually lead to forming a scar on the blood vessels, and this can cause a permanent central vision loss.
If you are having challenges with your vision as you grow older, it is necessary to see a specialist as soon as possible. As with any other illness, the earlier the problem is detected, the easier it is to fix it, and the more quickly you get a solution. You can consider saying an eye specialist who can help you find out what problem you may be going through and help you fix it as early as possible. You can look up various clinics that provide eye treatment services and be keen on the eye disease library that the clinic focuses on so that you can know the different problems that can be fixed from there. Since you may not be sure precisely what is happening with you, be sure to find a qualified eye specialist to diagnose your problem and treat you.